Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer? 

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men which begins in the gland cells or the outer gland cells of the prostate. Some types of prostate cancers grow extremely slowly while some can grow more quickly. Growths in the prostate can be benign or malignant. 

 

When prostate cancer is benign, it can be removed easily as they are not able to spread to other parts of the body. Benign prostate cancers are rarely life-threatening, once it is removed they usually don’t grow back.

 

When prostate cancer is malignant, it can spread to nearby organs and tissues or other body parts. Malignant prostate cancers are sometimes life-threatening, often they can be removed but they may grow back.

All men are at risk for prostate cancer. If detected early, prostate cancer can often be treated successfully. When the individual ages, the signs, and symptoms have to be watched carefully.

 

What are The Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?


Prostate cancer is most common in older men aged 55 and over. It is rarely found in men younger than age 40. Developing prostate cancer depends on many factors such as; age, genetics and family history, lifestyle factors, and other medical conditions… 

 

In the early stages, prostate cancer generally has no symptoms. But as the prostate cancer grows the symptoms can be; 

 

  • Urinary symptoms, like; 

Difficulty in passing urine, 

Pain, 

Burning, 

Weak urine flow, 

Blood in the urine, 

Frequent urination, 

 

  • Dull pain in the lower pelvic area

  • Back or bone pain that doesn’t go away with rest

  • Painful ejaculation

  • Loss of appetite

  • Tiredness

  • Weight loss for no reason


Treatments for Prostate Cancer in Turkey (Türkiye)


Treatments for prostate cancer in Turkey are performed by highly qualified teams of experts in the latest technology-equipped facilities. 


In Turkey, all prostate cancer cases are treated with a strong collaboration of urologists, oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists and are multidisciplinary. 


Turkey offers a wide range of treatments including radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery. All the treatment options are determined according to the specific situation, needs, and preferences of the individual. The treatment plan depends on several factors such as the size and wide (spread or not) of cancer. 


Active surveillance will be the first option if cancer has no symptoms, grows very slowly, and is confined to a small area. 


Surgery is the option when the cancer is confined to the prostate. “Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy” is the most common type of prostate cancer surgery done in Turkey. During robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy, the surgeon operates the surgery by using hand controls to guide the movements of the robot. 


There are two types of radiation therapy, External beam radiotherapy and internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy) to treat prostate cancer. Radiation therapy can also be used before or after the surgery. When cancer spreads to the other organs radiotherapy for metastatic prostate cancer can be considered. 


Chemotherapy is used for advanced stages of prostate cancer and/or when cancer spreads into other organs or tissue. Most often, chemotherapy is the treatment that is combined with other prostate cancer treatments. 


Hormonal therapy which is also known as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the treatment option that is used to slow cancer growth by blocking or lowering testosterone. Hormonal therapy can both be performed surgically or with medication. 



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