What is Leukemia?
Leukemia is a type of cancer that occurs in the body’s blood-forming tissues when the DNA of a bone marrow stem cell or the lymphatic system mutates at some point in its development. n
The blood cells are categorized as “red blood cells” (RBCs), “white blood cells” (WBCs), and “platelets”. In general, leukemia is a “white blood cells” cancer. When the blood cell becomes cancerous, it begins to multiply rapidly. The healthy cells in the blood and bone marrow are thrown out by the cancerous blood cells.
Treatment options for leukemia vary due to the type of leukemia that the individuals have, the age, and if leukemia has spread or not to other organs or tissues. There are many types of leukemia. Leukemia is generally classified by the type of stem cells (“red blood cells” or “white blood cells”) and the type of being chronic or acute.
When leukemia is acute it impacts immature cells. As the immature cells are impacted by leukemia they can’t develop and perform their functions. Acute leukemia is more aggressive than chronic leukemia and multiplies rapidly.
When leukemia is chronic then it impacts mature or partially mature cells. Chronic leukemia is not as aggressive as acute leukemia and multiplies slower than acute leukemia.
What are The Symptoms of Leukemia?
The symptoms and signs of Leukaemia may vary according to the type of leukemia. On the other hand, it is hard to spot Leukaemia as the symptoms are very common and can be seen in unrelated illnesses.
In general, the symptoms of leukemia may include:
- Rest-resistant fatigue and weakness
- Shortness of breath
- Excessive sweating, especially at night
- Fever or chills
- Bruising or bleeding easily
- Bone/joint pain and tenderness
- Frequent infections
Less frequently but possible symptoms of leukemia include;
- Painless, swollen lymph nodes
- Enlarged liver or spleen
- Stomach discomfort
- Nausea or vomiting
- Numbness in hands or feet
- Heart palpitations
- Unexplained weight loss
- Itchy skin and red spots on the skin
Other symptoms of leukemia may include;
- Loss of concentration
- Sleeping problems
- Muscle pain
- Back pain
Treatments for Leukemia in Turkey (Türkiye)
There are a few major types of leukemia, “Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)”, “Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)”, “Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)” and “Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)”. ALL and AML are the most common type of leukemia among children and adults. But most often, adults are affected with CLL and CML types of leukemia.
Treatments for Leukemia in Turkey vary according to the type and stage of leukemia, the individual’s overall health, and other medical conditions.
Turkey is one of the leading countries which has highly experienced hematologist-oncologists and highly equipped facilities.
The treatment options for Leukemia in Turkey are;
- Radiation therapy,
- Stem cell transplantation is also known as bone marrow transplant,
- Biological or immunotherapy, and
- Targeted therapy
These treatment options may be combined to get the best results.
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