What is Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in cells of the lymphatic system which is part of the body’s immune system.
When an individual is diagnosed with lymphoma, the lymphocytes turn into cancerous cells that start to grow uncontrollably. These cells move throughout the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is spread to a wide range that includes lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland, and bone marrow. An affected lymphatic system has the potential of causing harm to different organs and the immune system.
The type of lymphoma is important to detect the treatment options. There are many types of lymphoma. But the most common ones are “Hodgkin’s lymphoma” and “Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma”.
The main cause of lymphoma is not known but some factors may cause lymphoma. Aging is a strong risk factor for lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is common among individuals in their 60s or older while Hodgkin lymphoma is common among individuals between 15 and 40 or older than 55’s.
Individuals with weak immune systems or with an immune system disease may be candidates for lymphoma. Also, a family history of lymphoma is a strong cause for being a candidate.
What are The Symptoms of Lymphoma?
The symptoms of lymphoma depend on where in the body the enlarged lymph glands take place. The main symptoms and signs of lymphoma include;
- At least one swollen lymph node in the neck, armpits, or groin
- Persistent fatigue
- Drenching night sweats
- a persistent cough or shortness of breath
- Unexplained weight loss
- Itchy skin
Treatments for Lymphoma in Turkey (Türkiye)
Treatments for Lymphoma in Turkey depend on the type, stage of the disease, and overall health of the individual. There are many different ways to treat Lymphoma in Turkey. The main purpose of all the Lymphoma treatments in Turkey is to destroy the cancer cells as much as possible and bring the disease into remission.
Chemotherapy is the first option for both “Hodgkin’s lymphoma” and “Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma” treatments. This treatment may be combined with other treatments to increase the success rates of the treatment.
Radiation Therapy for Lymphoma treatments in Turkey involves the usage of radiation to kill cancer cells at their site of involvement.
Immunotherapy is one of the most important parts of the treatment for Lymphoma as it affects the immune system. Immunotherapy aims to boost or restore the individual’s immune system to fight cancer cells.
Targeted Therapy is the treatment that inhibits the lymphoma cells to grow. This treatment may be combined with chemotherapy.
According to the situation of lymphoma, there are other treatment options such as “Skin directed therapies’ ‘. This treatment is usually considered for cutaneous lymphoma, including photopheresis and photo therapies.
When all types of treatment fail, “Bone Marrow Transplant” will be an option that the doctors may recommend. Bone Marrow Transplant is performed by the individual’s cells or with donor cells.
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