Thyroid Cancer

What is Thyroid Cancer?


Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the thyroid and regulates heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. Thyroid cancer may occur among men and women between the ’30s to ’60s. Thyroid cancer may be inherited but can also occur without an apparent cause or risk factors. 


Thyroid cancer is highly treatable, even if the individual has a more advanced stage. Effective treatments for full recovery vary due to the types of thyroid cancer. 


There are four types of thyroid cancer, and all of them are categorized by the appearance of the tumor cells. The most common one is “papillary,” with an amount of  80%.  


Papillary thyroid cancer can spread to the lymph nodes, but the good news is it grows slowly and is highly curable. 


Follicular thyroid cancer takes second place with up to 15%. Follicular thyroid cancer can spread to the bones and organs. It is harder to treat as it is metastatic. 


Medullary and Anaplastic types are rare types that account for about 2% of thyroid cancer diagnoses. 


Medullary thyroid cancer is generally inherited; individuals with a family history of thyroid cancer must be under control for an early diagnosis. 


Anaplastic thyroid cancer is rare, but it is the most aggressive type that is hard to treat. The Anaplastic kind of thyroid cancer can quickly spread into surrounding tissue and other parts of the body. 

What are the Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer?

Most thyroid cancers are asymptomatic in the early stages. For an early diagnosis, a routine physical exam will be helpful. As the tumor starts to grow, the individuals will experience some signs or symptoms such as; 


  • Breathing (shortness of breath) or swallowing problems (that get worse day by day) 
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Hoarseness or loss of voice 
  • A lump (nodule) in the neck
  • Swollen lymph nodes in your neck.
  • Neck or throat pain
  • A persistent cough
  • Tiredness.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Unexpected weight loss.


Treatments For Thyroid Cancer in Turkey (Türkiye)

Turkey is one of the leading countries for thyroid cancer treatments that offers a multidisciplinary team (including endocrinologists, endocrine surgeons, head and neck surgeons, otolaryngologists, oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, and pathologists) to create the best overall treatment plan. Turkey offers the latest technology and techniques for diagnosing and treating thyroid cancer in fully equipped clinics and hospitals. 


While getting treatment for thyroid cancer in Turkey;   

First, the specialist will monitor the thyroid and neck with high-definition ultrasound exams. This will help to find out whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or not. 

After this step, the pathologists will analyze the biopsy and tissue samples to help plan an accurate diagnosis. During the advanced laboratory testing in Turkey, it will be checked if there are any gene mutations present. 

These results will show the type and stage of thyroid cancer, and the thyroid cancer specialists will consider which treatment plan will be helpful. 

In Turkey, there are several surgical procedures to treat thyroid cancer. Turkey offers both traditional and robotic thyroidectomy. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy are the options that can be provided in Turkey.

Treatments for Thyroid Cancer in Turkey are performed by experienced surgeons. The endocrine surgeons of Turkey perform many thyroidectomy procedures each year for the patients coming abroad or in-house. 


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