Uterine Cancer

What is Uterine Cancer?

Uterine cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the female reproductive system. Uterine cancer has two types. The most common is “endometrial cancer,” and the other is  “uterine sarcoma.” 

Endometrial cancer starts in the cells forming the uterus’s endometrium; it is malignant and can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body, grow, invade and destroy nearby tissue. Uterine sarcoma is less common than endometrial cancer. Uterine cancer will be cured directly by removing the uterus surgically. 

The first sign of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods or after menopause. As the symptoms are, clear uterine cancer is often detected early.

What are the Symptoms of Uterine Cancer?

Signs of uterine cancer differ as cancer grows. Also, it can show similar symptoms to other health conditions. It is essential to visit a healthcare provider if there is unusual pain, leaking, or bleeding.  

Signs and symptoms of uterine cancer may include:

  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting after menopause,
  • Bleeding between periods before menopause,
  • Pelvic pain, 
  • Thin white or clear vaginal discharge after menopause and, 
  • Significantly prolonged, heavy, or frequent vaginal bleeding after the age of 40 


Treatments For Uterine Cancer in Turkey (Türkiye)

Treatments for Uterine Cancer in Turkey are performed by a multidisciplinary team that often works together to create the individual’s overall treatment plan. The healthcare team will include a gynecologic oncologist. In addition to physicians, cancer care teams in Turkey generally have a variety of other health care professionals, such as physician assistants, oncology nurses, pharmacists, and counselors, which will help the patients to overcome the period as comfortably as possible. 

All the treatment options in Turkey will be planned according to the individual’s overall health, age, and personal preferences, besides the type and stage of cancer. The care plan will include treatment for symptoms and side effects. Uterine cancer treatment options in Turkey include surgery, radiation therapy, and medications, but the combination differs from person to person. If the individual is at an early age, then the treatment may be planned due to whether or how she will get pregnant afterward. If you plan to get your treatment in Turkey, you may ask to see the oncologist and a reproductive endocrinologist (REI) about the options before the treatment begins. 

In Turkey, surgical procedures for uterine cancer include the removal of the uterus and cervix (this procedure is called a simple hysterectomy) or removal of the uterus, cervix, the upper part of the vagina, and nearby tissues (this procedure is called a radical hysterectomy). If the individual has been through menopause, the physician may consider removing both fallopian tubes and ovaries ( this procedure is called a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy)—the surgical procedure changes due to the extent of cancer. 

Radiation therapy for uterine cancer treatment is mainly given after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells. If the individual has no cancer remaining in the tissue, additional treatment, such as radiation therapy, may not be needed. In cases where the individual can’t have surgery, radiation therapy will be the treatment. Radiation therapy can also be given before the surgery to shrink the tumor. 

Chemotherapy, Hormone therapy, Targeted therapy, and Immunotherapy are the medication therapies used to treat uterine cancer. Medications are often given intravenously (IV) or as a pill or capsule swallowed (orally). 

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