Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are one of the vascular diseases that occur when a group of blood vessels in the body forms irregular, unhealthy connections between arteries and veins. AVMs may happen during the development before birth, as well as in adulthood.

The role of arteries in the body is to carry the oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the brain and cells. What veins do is similar to arteries but different in function. Vein’s role is to carry the oxygen-depleted blood back to the lungs. This perfect system works correctly if the capillaries form a direct connection among the arteries and veins. If the individual has an AVM, this means the system of capillaries between the arteries and veins is missing. 

What Causes Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs)?

It is not hereditary and the cause of Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is not known exactly. But some scientists believe that congenital factors may cause AVM. 

Some individuals with Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) have symptoms while some show no signs. Mostly AVM will be diagnosed after bleeding or may be detected incidentally when MRI or computed tomography is performed for another reason.

What Are The Symptoms Of Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs)?

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) have quite different symptoms that change from one to another due to the place or the size of the AVMs. Since they are lesions that affect blood flow the most common symptoms are headaches, numbness, weakness on one side of the body… 

Other common signs and symptoms of Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) include; 

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Back pain
  • Dizziness
  • Seizures
  • Problems in speaking
  • Problems in understanding language
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Hallucinations
  • Paralysis in one part of the body
  • Progressive loss of neurological function
  • Confusion
  • Memory loss or dementia
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of coordination 
  • Problems in performing tasks and planning
  • Learning problems during childhood or teenage period

Treatments For Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs) In Turkey (Türkiye)

Arteriovenous malformations diseases are rare cases that can be found in about 1 in 100,000 people. Turkey (Türkiye) is one of the most experienced countries in the treatment of AVM. To prevent or reduce the risk of complications an AVM can be treated successfully in Turkey (Türkiye).  

Turkey is a country that commits to providing compassionate service along with world-class treatment to help the ones who are diagnosed with an AVM, to live a normal and healthy life. 

AVMs are benign, which means they are not cancer. In Turkey, the AVM treatment is planned according to the size, location, and stage of the AVM. The treatment generally focuses on managing the symptoms and improving the lives of the individual. 

Surgery may be an option if an AVM is in a sensitive or dangerous area and if it can be operated on. If the existence of AVM isn’t causing problems, then the doctor may recommend regular follow-up visits. There are no medicines or direct treatment for AVM but the symptoms can be treated. 

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